Bringing atoms to a standstill: Miniaturizing laser cooling
Bringing atoms to a standstill: Miniaturizing laser cooling
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Thursday, Jan 21, 2021 10:31 pm

Scientists have miniaturized the optical components required to cool atoms down to a few thousandths of a degree above absolute zero, the first step in employing them on microchips to drive a new generation of super-accurate atomic clocks, enable navigation without GPS, and simulate quantum systems.


Giant sand worm discovery proves truth is stranger than fiction
Giant sand worm discovery proves truth is stranger than fiction
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Thursday, Jan 21, 2021 10:31 pm

Researchers have found evidence that large ambush-predatory worms -- some as long as two meters -- roamed the ocean floor near Taiwan over 20 million years ago.


New starfish-like fossil reveals evolution in action
New starfish-like fossil reveals evolution in action
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Thursday, Jan 21, 2021 02:40 am

Researchers have discovered a fossil of the earliest starfish-like animal, which helps us understand the origins of the nimble-armed creature.


Hematopoietic stem cell transplants may provide long-term benefit for people with MS
Hematopoietic stem cell transplants may provide long-term benefit for people with MS
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Wednesday, Jan 20, 2021 10:20 pm

A new study shows that intense immunosuppression followed by a hematopoietic stem cell transplant may prevent disability associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) from getting worse in 71% of people with relapsing-remitting MS for up to 10 years after the treatment. The study also found that in some people their disability improved over 10 years after


Light-controlled Higgs modes found in superconductors; potential sensor, computing uses
Light-controlled Higgs modes found in superconductors; potential sensor, computing uses
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Wednesday, Jan 20, 2021 01:43 am

Researchers have discovered a short-lived form of the famous Higgs boson -- subject of a groundbreaking search at the Large Hadron Collider -- within an iron-based superconductor. This Higgs mode can be accessed and controlled by laser light flashing on the superconductor at trillions of pulses per second.


Fastener with microscopic mushroom design holds promise
Fastener with microscopic mushroom design holds promise
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Wednesday, Jan 20, 2021 01:43 am

A fastener with a microscopic design that looks like tiny mushrooms could mean advances for everyday consumers and scientific fields. Currently available fasteners are called hook and loop fasteners and require harder, stiff material. In Biointerphases, researchers describe a design that can use softer materials and still be strong. The team believes a 3D mushroom


Where COVID-19 hit hardest, sudden deaths outside the hospital increased, study finds
Where COVID-19 hit hardest, sudden deaths outside the hospital increased, study finds
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Monday, Jan 18, 2021 05:31 pm

A study across New York City found that out-of-hospital sudden deaths follow the geographic distribution of SARS-CoV-2, suggesting an association between the two, investigators report.


A new archaeology for the Anthropocene era
A new archaeology for the Anthropocene era
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Monday, Jan 18, 2021 05:31 pm

Scantily clad tomb raiders and cloistered scholars piecing together old pots -- these are the kinds of stereotypes of archaeology that dominate public perception. Yet archaeology in the new millennium is a world away from these images. In a major new report, researchers probe a thoroughly modern and scientific discipline to understand how it is


Climate change will alter the position of the Earth's tropical rain belt
Climate change will alter the position of the Earth's tropical rain belt
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Monday, Jan 18, 2021 05:31 pm

Researchers describe future changes to the tropical rain belt with expected climate change. The changes will cause droughts in large sections of the globe, threatening biodiversity and food security.


Inexpensive battery charges rapidly for electric vehicles, reduces range anxiety
Inexpensive battery charges rapidly for electric vehicles, reduces range anxiety
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Monday, Jan 18, 2021 05:31 pm

Range anxiety, the fear of running out of power before being able to recharge an electric vehicle, may be a thing of the past, according to a team of engineers who are looking at lithium iron phosphate batteries that have a range of 250 miles with the ability to charge in 10 minutes.


Scientists reveal mechanism that causes irritable bowel syndrome
Scientists reveal mechanism that causes irritable bowel syndrome
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Sunday, Jan 17, 2021 07:22 pm

Researchers have identified the biological mechanism that explains why some people experience abdominal pain when they eat certain foods. The finding paves the way for more efficient treatment of irritable bowel syndrome and other food intolerances. The study was carried out in mice and humans.


One small alcoholic drink a day is linked to an increased risk of atrial fibrillation
One small alcoholic drink a day is linked to an increased risk of atrial fibrillation
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Sunday, Jan 17, 2021 07:22 pm

A study of nearly 108,000 people has found that people who regularly drink a modest amount of alcohol are at increased risk of atrial fibrillation, a condition where the heart beats in an abnormal rhythm. The study found that, compared to drinking no alcohol at all, just one alcoholic drink a day was linked to


Scientists offer road map to improve environmental observations in the Indian Ocean
Scientists offer road map to improve environmental observations in the Indian Ocean
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Friday, Jan 15, 2021 10:33 pm

A group of more than 60 scientists have provided recommendations to improve the Indian Ocean Observing System (IndOOS), a basin-wide monitoring system to better understand the impacts of human-caused climate change in a region that has been warming faster than any other ocean.


Glass frogs living near roaring waterfalls wave hello to attract mates
Glass frogs living near roaring waterfalls wave hello to attract mates
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Friday, Jan 15, 2021 09:53 pm

A conservationist has discovered that the glass frog Sachatamia orejuela can be added to the list of species that make use of visual cues in response to their acoustic environments. This is the first time a member of the glass frog family (Centrolenidae) has been observed using visual communication in this manner.


Metformin use reduces risk of death for patients with COVID-19 and diabetes, study finds
Metformin use reduces risk of death for patients with COVID-19 and diabetes, study finds
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Thursday, Jan 14, 2021 10:40 pm

Use of the diabetes drug metformin -- before a diagnosis of COVID-19 -- is associated with a threefold decrease in mortality in COVID-19 patients with Type 2 diabetes, according to a new study. Diabetes is a significant comorbidity for COVID-19. This beneficial effect remained, even after correcting for age, sex, race, obesity, and hypertension or


COVID-19 reduced U.S. life expectancy, especially among Black and Latino populations
COVID-19 reduced U.S. life expectancy, especially among Black and Latino populations
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Thursday, Jan 14, 2021 10:39 pm

A new study finds that due to COVID-19 deaths last year, life expectancy at birth for Americans will shorten by 1.13 years to 77.48 years -- the largest single-year decline in life expectancy in at least 40 years.


Combination treatment for methamphetamine use disorder shows promise
Combination treatment for methamphetamine use disorder shows promise
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Thursday, Jan 14, 2021 12:06 am

A combination of two medications, injectable naltrexone and oral bupropion, was safe and effective in treating adults with moderate or severe methamphetamine use disorder in a double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase III clinical trial. The findings suggest this combination therapy may be a promising addition to current approaches to treatment, such as cognitive behavioral therapy and contingency


Pulsed ultraviolet light technology to improve egg safety, help poultry industry
Pulsed ultraviolet light technology to improve egg safety, help poultry industry
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Thursday, Jan 14, 2021 12:06 am

Pulsed ultraviolet light can be an effective alternative to some of the antimicrobial technologies now used by the poultry industry to kill pathogens on eggshells, according to researchers, who simulated production conditions to test the technology.


Comprehensive characterization of vascular structure in plants
Comprehensive characterization of vascular structure in plants
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Tuesday, Jan 12, 2021 02:53 pm

Plant researchers and bioinformatics researchers have succeeded for the first time in identifying the functions of the different cell types in the leaf vasculature of plants.


Climate change has caused billions of dollars in flood damages
Climate change has caused billions of dollars in flood damages
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Tuesday, Jan 12, 2021 01:01 am

Flooding has caused hundreds of billions of dollars in damage in the U.S. over the past three decades. Researchers found that 36 percent of the costs of flooding in the U.S. from 1988 to 2017 were a result of intensifying precipitation, consistent with predictions of global warming.


Scientists discover slimy microbes that may help keep coral reefs healthy
Scientists discover slimy microbes that may help keep coral reefs healthy
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Saturday, Jan 09, 2021 09:24 pm

Microbes living within the slimy biofilms of some coral species may help protect the coral against excess nitrogen levels, according to new research.


A beginner's guide to DNA origami
A beginner's guide to DNA origami
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Saturday, Jan 09, 2021 09:24 pm

Researchers, who have studied DNA origami for years, have compiled the first detailed tutorial on the technique.


Nanoparticle vaccine for COVID-19
Nanoparticle vaccine for COVID-19
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Friday, Jan 08, 2021 08:21 pm

Researchers are working to develop a single-dose vaccine for SARS-CoV-2 that could potentially be stored at room temperature.


Jellyfish create a 'virtual wall' to enhance performance
Jellyfish create a 'virtual wall' to enhance performance
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Friday, Jan 08, 2021 06:34 pm

A new discovery finds that jellyfish create a 'ground effect,' similar to how air squeezes between an airplane and ground during take-off, which builds pressure and a force that boosts performance. Never before has it been proven that an animal can create this phenomenon away from a solid boundary, let alone the open ocean.


High-speed atomic force microscopy visualizes cell protein factories
High-speed atomic force microscopy visualizes cell protein factories
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Friday, Jan 08, 2021 02:41 pm

Factor-pooling by ribosomes caught on video using state-of-art high-speed atomic force microscopy technology.


Commonly used blood pressure medications safe for COVID-19 patients, study finds
Commonly used blood pressure medications safe for COVID-19 patients, study finds
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Friday, Jan 08, 2021 12:54 am

Medications to treat high blood pressure did not affect outcomes among patients hospitalized with COVID-19. The study is the first randomized controlled trial to show there is no risk for patients continuing these medications while hospitalized for COVID-19.


Journal article reviews century of data showing COVID-19 likely to impact the brain
Journal article reviews century of data showing COVID-19 likely to impact the brain
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Wednesday, Jan 06, 2021 11:13 pm

Decades of data paint a compelling case for why COVID-19 survivors, even those with few symptoms, could experience long-term effects on the brain and central nervous system.


Mouse study finds link between gut disease and brain injury in premature infants
Mouse study finds link between gut disease and brain injury in premature infants
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Wednesday, Jan 06, 2021 11:13 pm

Working with mice, researchers have identified an immune system cell that they say travels from the gut to the brain and attacks cells rather than protect them as it normally does.


Reawakened geyser does not foretell Yellowstone volcanic eruptions
Reawakened geyser does not foretell Yellowstone volcanic eruptions
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Monday, Jan 04, 2021 11:01 pm

Geyser eruptions, like volcanic eruptions, are a mystery, so the reactivation of Steamboat Geyser in Yellowstone in 2018 provided an opportunity to explore why geysers turn off and on, and what determines their periodicity. Researchers found little evidence of magma moving below the geyser, meaning no sign of imminent hydrothermal eruptions, but did discover a


Scientists develop new approach to understanding massive volcanic eruptions
Scientists develop new approach to understanding massive volcanic eruptions
💬www.sciencedaily.com | Monday, Jan 04, 2021 11:00 pm

An international volcanology team has created a first-of-its kind tool that can aid scientists in understanding past explosive eruptions that shaped the earth and improve the way of estimating hazards of future eruptions.